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aacinfo.c

/*
** FAAD2 - Freeware Advanced Audio (AAC) Decoder including SBR decoding
** Copyright (C) 2003 M. Bakker, Ahead Software AG, http://www.nero.com
**  
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
** it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
** the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
** (at your option) any later version.
** 
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
** GNU General Public License for more details.
** 
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
** along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software 
** Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
**
** Any non-GPL usage of this software or parts of this software is strictly
** forbidden.
**
** Commercial non-GPL licensing of this software is possible.
** For more info contact Ahead Software through Mpeg4AAClicense@nero.com.
**
** $Id: aacinfo.c,v 1.4 2003/07/29 08:20:11 menno Exp $
**/

#ifdef _WIN32
#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#include <windows.h>
#endif
#include <malloc.h>
#include "filestream.h"
#include "aacinfo.h"

#define ADIF_MAX_SIZE 30 /* Should be enough */
#define ADTS_MAX_SIZE 10 /* Should be enough */

static int sample_rates[] = {96000,88200,64000,48000,44100,32000,24000,22050,16000,12000,11025,8000};

static int read_ADIF_header(FILE_STREAM *file, faadAACInfo *info)
{
    int bitstream;
    unsigned char buffer[ADIF_MAX_SIZE];
    int skip_size = 0;
    int sf_idx;

    /* Get ADIF header data */
    info->headertype = 1;

    if(read_buffer_filestream(file, buffer, ADIF_MAX_SIZE) < 0)
            return -1;

    /* copyright string */
    if(buffer[0] & 0x80)
        skip_size += 9; /* skip 9 bytes */

    bitstream = buffer[0 + skip_size] & 0x10;
    info->bitrate = ((unsigned int)(buffer[0 + skip_size] & 0x0F)<<19)|
        ((unsigned int)buffer[1 + skip_size]<<11)|
        ((unsigned int)buffer[2 + skip_size]<<3)|
        ((unsigned int)buffer[3 + skip_size] & 0xE0);

    if (bitstream == 0)
    {
        info->object_type =  ((buffer[6 + skip_size]&0x01)<<1)|((buffer[7 + skip_size]&0x80)>>7);
        sf_idx = (buffer[7 + skip_size]&0x78)>>3;
    } else {
        info->object_type = (buffer[4 + skip_size] & 0x18)>>3;
        sf_idx = ((buffer[4 + skip_size] & 0x07)<<1)|((buffer[5 + skip_size] & 0x80)>>7);
    }
    info->sampling_rate = sample_rates[sf_idx];

    return 0;
}

static int read_ADTS_header(FILE_STREAM *file, faadAACInfo *info,
                            unsigned long **seek_table, int *seek_table_len,
                            int tagsize, int no_seek_table)
{
    /* Get ADTS header data */
    unsigned char buffer[ADTS_MAX_SIZE];
    int frames, framesinsec=0, t_framelength = 0, frame_length, sr_idx, ID;
    int second = 0, pos;
      int i;
    float frames_per_sec = 0;
    unsigned long bytes;
      unsigned long *tmp_seek_table = NULL;

    info->headertype = 2;

    /* Read all frames to ensure correct time and bitrate */
    for(frames=0; /* */; frames++, framesinsec++)
    {
            /* If streaming, only go until we hit 5 seconds worth */
             if(file->http)
             {
                   if(frames >= 43 * 5)
                   {
                        break;
                   }
             }

        pos = tell_filestream(file);

        /* 12 bit SYNCWORD */
        bytes = read_buffer_filestream(file, buffer, ADTS_MAX_SIZE);

        if(bytes != ADTS_MAX_SIZE)
        {
            /* Bail out if no syncword found */
            break;
        }

            /* check syncword */
        if (!((buffer[0] == 0xFF)&&((buffer[1] & 0xF6) == 0xF0)))
            break;

        if(!frames)
        {
            /* fixed ADTS header is the same for every frame, so we read it only once */
            /* Syncword found, proceed to read in the fixed ADTS header */
            ID = buffer[1] & 0x08;
            info->object_type = (buffer[2]&0xC0)>>6;
            sr_idx = (buffer[2]&0x3C)>>2;
            info->channels = ((buffer[2]&0x01)<<2)|((buffer[3]&0xC0)>>6);

            frames_per_sec = sample_rates[sr_idx] / 1024.f;
        }

        /* ...and the variable ADTS header */
        if (ID == 0) {
            info->version = 4;
        } else { /* MPEG-2 */
            info->version = 2;
        }
        frame_length = ((((unsigned int)buffer[3] & 0x3)) << 11)
            | (((unsigned int)buffer[4]) << 3) | (buffer[5] >> 5);

        t_framelength += frame_length;

            if(!file->http)
            {
                  if(framesinsec == 43)
                        framesinsec = 0;

                  if(framesinsec == 0 && seek_table_len)
                  {
                        tmp_seek_table = (unsigned long *) realloc(tmp_seek_table, (second + 1) * sizeof(unsigned long));
                        tmp_seek_table[second] = pos;
                  }
                  if(framesinsec == 0)
                        second++;
            }

            /* NOTE: While simply skipping ahead by reading may seem to be more work than seeking,
                  it is actually much faster, and keeps compatibility with streaming */
            for(i=0; i < frame_length - ADTS_MAX_SIZE; i++)
        {
                  if(read_byte_filestream(file) < 0)
                        break;
        }
    }

      if(seek_table_len)
      {
            *seek_table_len = second;
            *seek_table = tmp_seek_table;
      }

    info->sampling_rate = sample_rates[sr_idx];
    info->bitrate = (int)(((t_framelength / frames) * (info->sampling_rate/1024.0)) +0.5)*8;

      if(file->http)
      {
            /* Since we only use 5 seconds of aac data to get a rough bitrate, we must use a different
               method of calculating the overall length */
            if(filelength_filestream(file))
            {
                  info->length = (int)((filelength_filestream(file)/(((info->bitrate*8)/1024)*16))*1000);
            }
            else
            {
                  /* Since the server didnt tell us how long the file is, 
                     we have no way of determining length */
                  info->length = 0;
            }
      }
      else
      {
            info->length = (int)((float)(frames/frames_per_sec))*1000;
      }

    return 0;
}

int get_AAC_format(char *filename, faadAACInfo *info,
                   unsigned long **seek_table, int *seek_table_len,
                   int no_seek_table)
{
    unsigned long tagsize;
    FILE_STREAM *file;
      char buffer[10];
    unsigned long file_len;
    unsigned char adxx_id[5];
    unsigned long tmp;

    memset(info, 0, sizeof(faadAACInfo));

    file = open_filestream(filename);

    if(file == NULL)
        return -1;

    file_len = filelength_filestream(file);

    /* Skip the tag, if it's there */
    tmp = read_buffer_filestream(file, buffer, 10);

    if (StringComp(buffer, "ID3", 3) == 0)
      {
            unsigned int i;

        /* high bit is not used */
        tagsize = (buffer[6] << 21) | (buffer[7] << 14) |
            (buffer[8] <<  7) | (buffer[9] <<  0);

        for(i=0; i < tagsize; i++)
                  if(read_byte_filestream(file) < 0)
                        return -1;

        tagsize += 10;
    }
      else
      {
        tagsize = 0;

            /* Simple hack to reset to the beginning */
            file->buffer_offset = 0;
            file->file_offset = 0;
    }

      if(file_len)
          file_len -= tagsize;

    tmp = read_buffer_filestream(file, adxx_id, 2);
    //seek_filestream(file, tagsize, FILE_BEGIN);

    adxx_id[5-1] = 0;
    info->length = 0;

      /* Determine the header type of the file, check the first two bytes */
    if(StringComp(adxx_id, "AD", 2) == 0)
    {
            /* We think its an ADIF header, but check the rest just to make sure */
            tmp = read_buffer_filestream(file, adxx_id + 2, 2);
            
            if(StringComp(adxx_id, "ADIF", 4) == 0)
            {
                  read_ADIF_header(file, info);
            }
    }
    else
    {
            /* No ADIF, check for ADTS header */
        if ((adxx_id[0] == 0xFF)&&((adxx_id[1] & 0xF6) == 0xF0))
        {
                  /* ADTS  header located */
                  /* Since this routine must work for streams, we can't use the seek function to go backwards, thus 
                     we have to use a quick hack as seen below to go back where we need to. */
                  
                  if(file->buffer_offset >= 2)
                  {
                        // simple seeking hack, though not really safe, the probability of it causing a problem is low.
                        file->buffer_offset -= 2;
                        file->file_offset -= 2;
                  }

            read_ADTS_header(file, info, seek_table, seek_table_len, tagsize,
                no_seek_table);
        }
        else
        {
            /* Unknown/headerless AAC file, assume format: */
            info->version = 2;
            info->bitrate = 128000;
            info->sampling_rate = 44100;
            info->channels = 2;
            info->headertype = 0;
            info->object_type = 1;
        }
    }

    close_filestream(file);

    return 0;
}

int StringComp(char const *str1, char const *str2, unsigned long len)
{
    signed int c1 = 0, c2 = 0;

    while (len--) {
        c1 = *str1++;
        c2 = *str2++;

        if (c1 == 0 || c1 != c2)
            break;
    }

    return c1 - c2;
}

#ifdef TEST
/* Program to test aacinfo functionality */

#include <stdio.h>

void main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    faadAACInfo info;
    unsigned long *seek_table = NULL;
    int seek_table_len = 0;
    char *header, *object;

    if (argc < 2)
    {
        fprintf(stderr, "USAGE: aacinfo aacfile.aac\n");
        return;
    }

    get_AAC_format(argv[1], &info, &seek_table, &seek_table_len, 0);

    fprintf(stdout, "MPEG version: %d\n", info.version);
    fprintf(stdout, "channels: %d\n", info.channels);
    fprintf(stdout, "sampling_rate: %d\n", info.sampling_rate);
    fprintf(stdout, "bitrate: %d\n", info.bitrate);
    fprintf(stdout, "length: %.3f\n", (float)info.length/1000.0);

    switch (info.object_type)
    {
    case 0:
        object = "MAIN";
        break;
    case 1:
        object = "LC";
        break;
    case 2:
        object = "SSR";
        break;
    case 3:
        object = "LTP";
        break;
    }
    fprintf(stdout, "object_type: %s\n", object);

    switch (info.headertype)
    {
    case 0:
        header = "RAW";
        break;
    case 1:
        header = "ADIF";
        break;
    case 2:
        header = "ADTS";
        break;
    }
    fprintf(stdout, "headertype: %s\n", header);
}

#endif

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